IAS Foundation EXAMINATION MALPRACTICES

EXAMINATION MALPRACTICES.

Examination Malpractice is any act of omission or commission, which compromises the validity and integrity of any examination. It is acting or going contrarily to the rules and regulations guiding the conduct of examinations. Examination which is said to be the true test of knowledge has lost its values as some student can get into any higher institutions without written or oral examination. In fact this has really become a hard nut to crack among various examination bodies.

BRIEF HISTORY/ ORIGIN OF EXAMINATIONS MALPRACTICES

The problem of examination malpractices in Nigeria seems to be as old as the introduction of formal system of education. The first major Examination Malpractice was in 1914, when the senior Cambridge local examination leaked. This scenario took an unprecedented surge in 1963 when two public examinations of 1967, 1977, 1981 and 1987 leaked. These leakages then attracted the attention of the federal government, which led to the promulgation of decree 27 of 1973, and miscellaneous decree 20 of 1984 to curb examination malpractices and the latter decree prescribed 21 years jail term for offenders.

CAUSES OF EXAMINATION MALPRACTICES

Experts have identified the following as the causes of examination malpractices:
Inadequate qualified teachers.
Inadequate teaching and learning facilities.
Parental contribution.
Over population of students in a school.
Non completion of syllabus before examination.
Immorality in wider society.
Inadequate supervision of teachers by inspectors.
Absence of guidance and counselling services in school.
Constant closure of schools e.g incessant ASUU strike or student demonstration.
Non provision of extra curricula activities.
Emphasis on paper qualification or certificate.
Students involvement in cultism, drug abuse, sexual promiscuity and truancy.

AGENTS OF EXAMINATION MALPRACTICES

The following are the perpetrators of examination malpractices:

Parent/Guardians who buy exams papers or bribe the examiner on behalf of their wards.
Lecturers/HoDs/Deans, who collect money from the students to pass them.
Lazy Students.
Examiners/External Invigilators.
The Printer of the exam papers.
Government Officials.

FORMS OF MALPRACTICES

The various forms of examination malpractices are as follows:

Leakages.
Impersonation.
External Assistance.
Smuggling of foreign materials.
Copying.
Collusion.
Intimidation.
Substitution of script.
Marker malpractice.
Awards and Certificates.
Use of technological devices. Eg Hand set.
Use of body parts.
Signs and symbols. etc

EFFECTS OF EXAMINATION MALPRACTICES

The effects of examination malpractices are so enormous. Some of these are as follows:

1. It destroys the zeal to read.
2. Leads to churning out of half-baked lawyers cum graduates.
3. Makes the examination bodies not to be the true test of knowledge.
4. Makes it difficult for our students to study abroad, reason being that the western countries have lost confidence in our educational system.
5. Loss of confidence in the affected students.





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